Monoecious. Male and female reproductive structures are erect cones. Cones are 2.25 to 4 inches long and are brown at maturity.
They prefer full sun to part shade, moist, well-drained soils, preferably loamy and acidic. Mountainsides at 1,370 to 2,200 m (4,490 to 7,220 ft), often in pure forests, or mixed with Algerian fir - Abies numidica, Juniperus oxycedrus, holm oak - Quercus ilex, and Acer opalus. These forests can provide habitat for the endangered Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus), a primate that had a prehistorically much wider distribution in northern Morocco and Algeria.
30-35 metres tall
up to 150 years
Mountainsides, originally the Atlas Mountains
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Images by Nikos D. Karabelas - Own work, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73681403
By Liné1 - Picture taken with my IXUS 800 IS, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1958869
By Meneerke bloem - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7756060