Each shrimp starts out as a male, but after a few moults will become a hermaphrodite allowing them to function as both male and female in interactions with another shrimp; these shrimp have no pure female form. This form of sexual maturation is scientifically described as 'protandric simultaneous hermaphroditism' and is unique to Lysmata shrimp amongst other decapod crustaceans. In one spawning, adult shrimp will lay between 200–500 eggs.
A pair of fully mature hermaphroditic shrimp will alternate moulting timing, mating occurs shortly following a moult when one shrimp acting as the male will follow the other acting as the female which will brood the fertilised eggs.
Has a symbiotic relationship with 'client' fish.
Tropical; found in caves and reef ledges in coral reef ecosystems and is widespread across the tropics typically living at depths of 5–40 metres (16–131 ft)
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Main image by Хомелка - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25975372