The species originated in western South America, Mexico, and Central America. The Mexican Nahuatl word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word tomate, from which the English word tomato derived.
Tomatoes have bisexual flowers, containing both male and female components. Flowers become the fruits, or the tomatoes themselves —a berry, consisting of the ovary, together with its seeds
As a true fruit, it develops from the ovary of the plant after fertilization, its flesh comprising the pericarp walls. The fruit contains hollow spaces full of seeds and moisture, called locular cavities.
1-3 meters in height
Annual plant. Indeterminate tomato plants are perennials in their native habitat, but are cultivated as annuals. (Determinate, or bush, plants are annuals that stop growing at a certain height and produce a crop all at once.)
Numerous varieties of the tomato plant are widely grown in temperate climates across the world, with greenhouses allowing for the production of tomatoes throughout all seasons of the year.
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© 2005 User:FoeNyx - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=115428